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Drug Interaction Potential of Trastuzumab Emtansine Combined With Pertuzumab in Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer.
Current drug metabolism 2012 Mar 28; In press
Lu D, Burris HA, Wang B, Dees EC, Cortes J, Joshi A, Gupta M, Yi JH, Chu YW, Shih T, Fang L, Girish S
Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate comprised of trastuzumab and the cytotoxic agent DM1 (derivative of maytansine) linked by a stable linker N-succinimidyl 4-(N-maleimidomethyl) cyclohexane-1-carboxylate (SMCC). T-DM1 targets an epitope located at subdomain IV of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Pertuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that targets an epitope located at subdomain II of HER2, distinct from the epitope recognized by T-DM1. The pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and efficacy of T-DM1 combined with pertuzumab were studied in a phase 1b/2 trial in 67 patients with HER2-positive, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC). The therapeutic protein-drug interaction (TP-DI) potential of T-DM1 plus pertuzumab was evaluated. The PK of T-DM1-related analytes and pertuzumab were compared with historical PK data. The results show that the exposure of T-DM1 and DM1, as estimated by noncompartmental analyses, was comparable with that reported by historical single-agent studies in patients with HER2-positive MBC. T-DM1 clearance and volume of distribution in the central compartment, as estimated by population PK analysis, were also comparable between this study and historical single-agent studies in patients with HER2-positive MBC. Summary statistics of pertuzumab trough and maximal exposure (concentrations at predose and 15-30 minutes after the end of infusion at cycle 1 and at steady state) were similar with those observed in a representative historical single-agent study with the same dosing regimen. The visual predictive check plot by population simulation further confirmed that T-DM1 did not alter pertuzumab PK. Based on these data and the PK and pharmacodynamic properties of T-DM1 and pertuzumab, the risk of TP-DI appears to be low when T-DM1 and pertuzumab are given together.